7 Days for a Tour of Communism in Romania
Price: On request
Duration: Tailored - at least 5 nights
Why choose this: This is thematic tour that is addressed to those passioned about communist era in Romania. Communist Era was a proof of patience, sufference and belief that intelectuals, priests and students showed to the soviet system. Besides the main objectives of the tour, tourists can admire the beautiful landscapes of Bucovina, Transilvania, Maramures and visit the most famous attractions in the areas.
The offer includes: Accommodation + Half Board or Full Board Treatment Driver and Guide + Documentaries
Day 1. Bucharest - Fort 13 Jilava - The Râmnicu Sărat Prison - PrigioneTârgu Ocna
Day 2. Târgu Ocna - Red Lake - Bicaz gorges - Bucovina - Painted monasteries
Day 3. Bucovina - Museum of Memory and Victims in Communism of Sighet - Barsana Monastery - Allegra Cemetery of Sapanta. Maramures
Day 4. Maramures - Cavnic mines - Cluj - Aiud Prison and Aiud Monastery
Day 5. Aiud - Turda Salt Mine - Alba Iulia - Sibiu
Day 6. Sibiu - Transfagarasan or Valley of the Olt - Piteşti Prison
Day 7. Pitesti - Bucharest
The Romanian SOCIALIST REPUBLIC refers to the period of Romania's history in which the government was dominated by the Romanian Communist Party, founded on 8 May 1921 and overturned at the end of December 1989 by the Romanian revolution. The early years of communist rule in Romania were marked by repeated changes and many arrests and imprisonments. In all the ministries there were Soviet "advisors", who reported directly to Moscow and held all the real decision-making powers.
All the society was pervaded by infiltrated agents and informers of the secret police. The existing prisons were filled with "political" prisoners and a new system of forced labor camps and prisons was created, designed on the Soviet model of the GULAGs invented by Tsar Ivan the Terrible. The useless excavation project of the Danube-Black Sea Canal served as a pretext for the construction of various labor camps, where many people died. Among the most famous prison camps there were SIGHET, GHERLA, PITESTI and AIUD; forced labor was also established in the aluminum mines at the Danube Delta. The PITESTI prison was the epicenter of a particular communist "experiment" of the time.
Here and here you can read testimonies of the communist period in prison.
Sighetu Marmaţiei is the northernmost city of Romania, fifty thousand inhabitants, Moldavian typologies of the province, with at its heart a rooting of churches of more confessions, the Catholic one (derived from the Hungarian presence), the reformed one, therefore Calvinist, which saw passages of power in the second half of the sixteenth century, more distant from the center also a synagogue and well understood the Orthodox ones. The outskirts of the city borders with Ukraine, with the vast and inhabited transacarpatic region.For so many years in the twentieth century, before the independence of Ukraine and the fall of communism throughout the region, this border meant the Soviets above the head. To the west of this territory, the Maramures, the city of Satu Mare looks towards Hungary (and as the crow flies from here Budapest is closer than Bucharest).
Beautiful region, the Maramures, with peasant and popular traditions still alive, wooden villages lined up along the roads, forests and lush rivers, agriculture still dominated by manual and animal work.
It is in Sighetu Marmaţiei that Ana Blandiana, president of the Civic Academy with its center in Bucharest (firstname.lastname@example.org), founded in 1994 with the aim of "giving back to the Romanians the contemporary history of their country falsified in the years of the dictatorship communist ", has placed the Memorial of the victims of communism and resistance, conceived since 1992 by a group of historians, writers, architects and that in 1995 was accepted under the aegis of the Council of Europe, in the framework of dedicated interventions to the civil memory of Europe which includes other inescapable places in European history such as the Auschwitz Memorial and the Norman Peace Memorial.
The careful work of collecting and rearranging documents, materials, objects concerning the repression of dissent that the communist regime has developed over almost fifty years of history has found a place of extraordinary and realistic setting in the Sighet prison, a construction of the end of the nineteenth century at the origin conceived as a prison of common law.
From 1945 onwards, the prison destination had other developments. First as a center for the repatriation of war detainees in Russia, then as a place of interdiction of student movements in the region, culturally refractory to communism, then above all as a place of imprisonment of a part of the ruling class eliminated by communism and finally, in 1950, as prison accommodation of many bishops and Orthodox prelates.
A secure penitentiary, in turn guarded two kilometers away from the Soviet presence. Only when Romania is re-admitted to the UN - in 1955 - were granted treatments of favor to the prisoners of the Sighet and tendentially the penitentiary returned to be of common law. However, it was also a place of accommodation for some political prisoners who made the classic prison-psychiatric hospital journey. In 1977, under Ceausescu, the prison was decommissioned for fifteen years after a difficult restructuring that allowed this small but highly complex complex rooted in the streets of the city center to play the current role of theater of a story that had faces, names, stories finally unveiled and within reach of the public that makes a destination here, as well as now visiting monasteries and places of worship returned to their religious functions.
An audience of young people, mostly, which is affected by the black cell without straw mattress, with the chain at the center of the floor, for punitive conditions and maximum isolation: or rediscover names that today belong to the new toponymy of the cities, here in conditions of humiliation and imprisonment, such as Gheorghe Bratianu and Iuliu Maniu, or even ready to photograph the sculptural complex placed in the "air area" of a small courtyard dominated by the sentry boxes, composed of eighteen life-size human profiles dramatically protruding towards the wall.
But it is looking at the silent visits of the adults, of the generations of the Romanian communism, now fifty and sixty, who understand the liberating and disquieting message. The accurate reconstruction of the Securitate's work, the electoral manipulations, the police reports, the informative treatment of prisoners and guards, the kitsch celebrations of the dictator and the nomenclature of the third international. Less conspicuous materials and more within the control plot that was the life of everyone in the whole of Eastern Europe from the immediate post-war period to the fall of the Berlin Wall.
Here is the strength and importance of this place (from 12 June 1997 considered by law as a "national interest complex") and the work of the scientific committee that Ana Blandiana gathered around herself and to Romulus Rusan and Ioana Boca who directed the structure (www.memorialsighet.ro; www.communismvictimes.info), animated under the banner of this principle: "When justice does not come to be a form of memory, only memory can be a form of justice".
This ride is based on the request.
Rates for STANDARD services (hotels / farms 3 *) in double room:
For 18 people: about 470 EUR / person
For 8 people: 520 EUR / person
For 6 people: 580 EUR / person
For 4 people: 700 EUR / person
For 2 persons: EUR 940 / person
Single room supplement: 150 EUR / person
SUPERIOR service supplement (4 * overnight stay): EUR 120 / person / double
The experience includes:
- Transfers based on flight times and transport by modern car / van / bus;
- Specialized driver / guide who speaks the Italian language throughout the trip;
- Overnight stay for 5 nights in 3 * / 4 * hotels / cottages with breakfast included;
- Half board treatment (dinners in traditional restaurants or hotels, including water);
- Traveler fees.
- Non-Stop Assistance SOCA TOUR Romania;
Which is extra:
- Entrance fees to museums, other personal expenses, lunches, extra drinks, tips.
For full board, write to us.
Reduction of LOW COST services (accommodation in holiday farms in tourist locations or apartments, without food): 130EUR.
For agency groups, send us an email at email@example.com.