Muierii cave - incursion into a secret underground world
Muierilor Cave (or Muierii Cave) is located in Baia de Fier commune, Gorj County, on the territory of the Getic Depression of Oltenia.
The first scientific information about the cave appeared in an archaeological questionnaire made by Al. Odobescu in 1870. Since then, for a period of 100 years, more and more geological, archaeological, paleontological, biospeological and geomorphic researches have been made, revealing valuable information. The research was carried out on 95% of the total length of the cave galleries, totaling 3566 meters.
It is more appropriate, therefore, for the name of the cave to be a plural one, as there are always more women who were staying there, in times of turmoil for the country. A rescue was found there, it seems, and women who could not procreate. In a region of the cave was found a text in Latin dating from the period of Roman occupation, more precisely from the second century e.n. The text had been written on a clay plate by a noble woman who begged the mercy of a mysterious god to escape infertility. On the spot were discovered some ancient jewels, which, most likely, the women left there with the intention of inciting the deity of the place to remove the causes that prevented them from becoming mothers.
As for the genesis, the walls of the cave are formed by a limestone dating from the Mesozoic, an era that began 250 million years ago and ended 65 million years ago, with the disappearance of nonavian dinosaurs and giant marine reptiles. What we see today at the Muierii Cave is an effect of the modeling of the limestone by the underground waters. Responsible for the formation of the Mule Cave is the Yellow River, which once followed its path through other ditches, some underground.
The lanes of the cave were also searched by people from thirty millennia ago, the evidence being a human skull that is about this age, established with the help of radiocarbon (C-14). Even though it comes from a distant era (more than 30,000 years ago), that skull, which belonged to a woman, indicates that the people of those times were quite similar to us today. Among the most spectacular karst elements of the Mule Cave are the Pulpit, the Hall of the Altar, the Mule Valley, the Great Candelabrum, the Steep Cascades. In the cave were also found skeletons belonging to different species of animals, some of which no longer exist in the native fauna, such as ... lions and hyenas. There are also skeletons of cave bears, along with bones that belonged to wild boars and goats. By the time they were found, the remains of some cave bears were already petrified.
Although there were some features that were somewhat robust by today's standards, the woman in question had a high forehead, relatively small jaws, and the supraorbital region was not prominent, as in Neanderthal men.
The Muierii Cave can be reached from three directions: from Bucharest, this route being composed of A1-DN7, DN67-DJ665 to Baia de Fier, the entire distance being 250 km; from Targu Jiu, with the route consisting of DN67 - DN675C, whose distance is 55 km; from Novaci, with DJ route 665 to Baia de Fier, with a total distance of 10.3 km.