The village of Saschiz
The village of Saschiz is situated on the European road E60, 20 km away from Sighisoara and 100 km away from Brasov. There live 2.050 inhabitants in the three villages that form this commune: Saschiz, Mihai Viteazu and Cloasterf.
Saschiz was first certified in the Middle-Ages (around 1305-1310). In 1419 it was mentioned as having several guilds, such as those of the shoemakers, the carpenters and the house painters. At that time, in Saschiz there were also schools, a hospital, the public bath and a court of law. In 12 of May 1678, following the ruling of the Transylvanian Diet, the town of Saschiz entered under the administration of Sighisoara.
The village of SASCHIZ has some very distinctive features. In a region where the myth of Dracula is exploited on his full potential, Saschiz can offer tourists a unique alternative: the beautiful gothic church with its clock-tower and the famous Saxon houses. In fact, those houses were included by UNESCO, in 1999, on the list of world’s heritage, together with six other Romanian sites.
There are only a few Saxons that remained in the area: approximately 70 people, rather old. The reasons for which the village was depopulated were, on one hand, the deportation in Russia of the German inhabitants at the end of the second world war and, on the other hand, their emigration in Germany during the 80’s.
The main occupation of the inhabitants is the village of the approximately 900 hectares of agricultural land and the breeding. Another important activity is the processing of the wood from the 3200 hectares of forest – mostly beech tree, oak tree, cherry tree but also the raising of sapling in the nearby nursery.
Aware of the beauty of their land, the local businessmen started to develop tourism services. There are several pensions but the tourists can also be hosted in the traditional houses of the inhabitants.
- The Evangelic Church
- The Clock Tower
The Clock Tower from Saschiz is one of Transylvania’s most beautiful medieval monuments that belongs, as well as the fortified church, to the Saxon architecture of the XVth century. Even today, the Tower marks the centre of Saschiz. Its defensive destination is obvious and we can still see the 12 skylights and the four little towers on the corners. The roof’s decoration and shape clearly indicate the tower which served as a model to its builders, that is the Clock Tower from Sighisoara. Today everybody can admire the Evangelic Church and the Clock Tower only a few meters away from the European road (E60) that crosses the centre of Saschiz.
- The Saxon Fortress
The Saxon Fortress that still dominates Saschiz is another trace left by the restless times of the Middle-Ages. It was built during the XIV th century on a hill at 2 km from the centre of the village and its destination was to protect the inhabitants of Saschiz (and other six neighboring villages that helped to its building) from destructive attacks. The Saxon community was, once again, the builder of this monument and therefore, we have to notice that they used to built fortresses around the church from the centre of their settlements and not so far away, feature that makes the Saschiz fortress a special one among the other Saxon constructions.