What does Boboteaza or Epiphany mean and how it is celebrated at sunrise and sunset

Epiphany or Theophany, from the Greek word "theophania" (popularly known as God), popularly called Boboteaza, is one of the Feasts of the Kingdom. Initially there was only one Christian feast in which the appearance of God to the world was celebrated, in the human form of Jesus of Nazareth. This included the feast of the Birth of the Lord, the Worship of the Magi, and all the events of Christ's childhood, such as the circumcision of the Lord and the Lord's greeting, along with His baptism in Jordan by John.
Boboteaza celebrates the unveiling of the Holy Trinity of the world. The Father's voice is heard from heaven, the Son is incarnate and sits in the Jordan River, and the Holy Spirit descends upon Him as a dove.
The eve of Bobotezei, that is the day of January 5, is for Orthodox black fasting day, just like Christmas Eve or Great Friday before Easter. Also on the eve of Bobotezei, the priests go to the houses of the believers to bring them, by sprinkling with holy water, the blessing of the Holy Trinity. It is sung: "In Jordan baptizing You, Lord, the worship of the Trinity has been revealed. That the Voice of the Father has confessed to You, Beloved Son by calling you; and the Spirit, in the Face of Pigeon, has confirmed the strengthening of the Word, the One you have shown to you, Christ our God and the world has enlightened you, Glory to You. "
The feast of the Epiphany marks the end of the Christmas celebration, which begins on December 25 and ends on January 6. As part of the service of this feast, the consecration of the Great Aghiasma is performed, which is used by priests to bless the houses of the believers. It follows the Holy Mass of the Eve and the Holy Mass on the feast day. The sanctification attests that humanity and the whole of Creation were made to be filled with the sacred presence of God.
According to tradition, the sanctification of the water was done on the banks of the largest river or river in that place. After the service, the bishop or priest throws a large cross into the water of the river (in past centuries it was sometimes made of precious metal). The more ordinary men plunged into the frozen water to retrieve the cross. The first to find her received the priest's blessing. He who found the cross and brought it to shore received gifts from the ruler of the country. But those who were most eager to find her were the condemned, to whom the gesture of courage brought grace.
Historically, the service of Christmas was later established than that of the Epiphany.
In the Eastern liturgical tradition, the Worship of the Magi is part of the feast of the Birth of the Lord, because the East has a synthetic and timeless look on the Mysteries (in analogy with the icons). While in the West it is a completely different Christmas celebration, called Epiphany and celebrated on January 6, because the West has an analytical and historical view on the Mysteries.
At the beginning of the Church, the holiday of Christmas was celebrated on the date of the winter solstice (in the heart of winter and night, symbolizing the fall, the sin), that is, after the old Egyptian calendar used in the East, on January 6: at the same time the Christmas, Baptism, were celebrated. Christ and the Wedding in Cana (in Alexandria: "the feast of lights"). In the 4th century, the Christmas holiday was set in Rome on the date of the winter solstice after the Julian calendar, that is, on December 25th. Antioch and Constantinople did the same at the end of the fourth century. After this change, January 6 became the holiday of the Magi, the Baptism of the Lord and the Wedding in Cana, under the name of "Epiphany." In the fifth century, the main object of the Epiphany became the Worship of the Magi, while the Baptism of Christ was moved eight days (January 13), and the wedding in Cana the following Sunday. In the East, January 6 became the feast of the Baptism of Christ, called Epiphany, when Theophany.
The traditions of the celebration of the Epiphany differ from country to country. In some regions of Spain, processions take place in Madrid and Barcelona. The Magi, Gaspar, Balthazar and Melchior kings throw candy. They are followed by horsemen, symbolizing the Magal cavalcades. Magi kings are here who bring gifts to children. They bring presents to the children on the day of Epiphany, not Christmas.
In France, from the 14th century, there is the tradition La galette du Roi (about the king's cake). It is a cake, adorned with a wreath, in which is a grain of beans (a kind of beans). The bean in the "King's cake" reminds of an ancient custom during the Roman Empire. The galette du roi is divided in as many portions as many people are present, plus one, destined for the first poor to come. This is called the "part of God" or "the part of the Virgin." There is also the part of those absent, such as those who went to the army or at sea. This is kept until their return, as a way of saying "we thought of you." If kept for a long time without breaking down, this is a good sign. The one who finds the grain in his piece of cake is crowned king / queen, who will give the cake next year.
In Germany, three young people or children, disguised as Kings Magi, go from house to house to carry the news. At the entrance, the three kings play specific songs and draw the initials of the Magi on the doors.
In Rome and southern Italy, toys are brought to the little ones on the night of January 5 to 6 by Befana (deformed pronunciation of the word Epiphany), an old but good witch. She comes to the broom, goes through the oven and leaves the presents. Formerly known as Stria (creepy, witch), she is eagerly awaiting children, who receive modest gifts. For the witch to stay as long as possible, on the table in the evening of Bobotezei Eve different dishes, fruits and a glass of wine, biscuits called "befaninis" are made, and on the threshold of the house sprinkle hay for her donkey. Socks for gifts, especially fruit, are hung on the stove. Those who were not happy receive only coals (the custom is similar to that of St. Nicholas' day, in the Orthodox tradition, when kind children receive gifts, and those who have not been happy receive fluff). Befana arrives dressed all in black, with skinny and ripped shoes and a large bag in the back. According to the legend, Befana had been announced of the Birth of Jesus by the three Magi kings, who had invited her to follow them with the Star. Late, she lost sight of the Star. Since then, on the horse, donkey or broom, carrying a large basket or bag of goodies, he flies from house to house in the hope that he will find little Jesus. Be careful, leave a gift to each sleeping child.
 
Source: crestinortodox.ro, italianipocket.com, romeniinitalia.com, cotidianul.ro
Keywords: christian traditions | traditions of bobbing | epiphany | bobbing in the world | winter holidays

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